2023年 12月 30日

22考研外刊阅览《经济学人》双语精读版练习–如何看待麦当劳前进工…(考研英语来自哪些外刊)

作者 gong2022

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小贴士:
上期划线句把definitively当作definitely的,出来挨锤(哈哈哈
上期翻译答案
“the events of today show definitively that many leaders in the oil-and-gas industryhavea tin ear anddo not understandthat society’s views and the legal and political environment in which they operateare changingradically,” said amy myers jaffe, a professor at tufts university’s fletcher school who has advised energy companies.
塔夫茨大学弗莱彻学院教授、为动力公司供给征询的艾米?迈尔斯?贾菲标明:“今日发生的作业究竟标明,许多油气作业的领导人都没有感知力,对社会观念以?堑刂返姆詈驼位肪痴诜⑸母苄愿谋涿挥腥魏沃馈!?br>

    tin ear:a deafened or insensitive ear(有时也标明成心不闻不问)

    留心分析definitely和definitively

《本期内容》
导读
点击下方查看导读
美国联邦法令规则的最低时薪是7.5美元,麦当劳、肯德基等公司都在实施这一标准,可是美国政府现已将政府合同工的最低时薪翻倍到15美元,正方案全国性前进最低时薪到15美元。
双语阅览
for years mcdonald’s has been a prime target of the battles of labour-rights campaigners overmiserlypay. the day before its annual general meeting on may 20th fight for $15, an advocacy group, organised a strike of mcdonald’s workers in 15 cities across america. the strike went ahead despite the firm’s vow a week earlier to raise wages.
麦当劳多年来一向是劳工维权人士对低薪酬打开斗争的首要方针。在5月20日麦当劳年度股东大会举办的前一天,一个名为“为15美元而战”的建议组织在全美15个城市组织了麦当劳职工停工。尽管公司一周前现已严厉宣告要前进薪酬,停工仍是照常进行。
the company said that its 36,500 in-house employees will get a rise of 10% on averag

e, that entry-level wages for new hires would go from $11 to $17 an hour and that average wages for all staff paid by the hour would reach $15 by 2024. it added that it wants to hire 10,000 people for the 650 restaurants it owns outright over the next three months.
翻译划线句,长按文末小程序码打卡,答案下期发布~麦当劳还标明,将来三个月内旗下650家餐厅将招聘1万名职工。
the fast-food giant has room to reinvest in labour, says sara senatore at bernstein, a broker. it reported growth of same-store sales in america of 14% in the first quarter, year on year, thanks to a boom in online orders. because people spent twice as much when they buy from home, and 20% more ordering via mobile devices, the company’s operating margin hit 44.5%, the highest in years.
伯恩斯坦公司的股市司理人萨拉?塞纳托雷说,这家快餐巨子在人力方面还有再出资的空间。公司陈述闪现,因为线上订单激增,第一季度美国同店出售额同比增加了14%。因为我们在家购物花费额是平常的两倍,移动设备下单量添加了20%,该公司的运营获利率抵达了44.5%,为历年最高水平。
mcdonald’s is not raising burger prices just yet to offset the extra costs. the wagehikewill only marginally affect its profits, much of which come fromfranchise feesfrom the 14,000 restaurants that the firm does not operate. fight for $15 says workers at all mcdonald’s-branded restaurants deserve higher pay.
麦当劳当前不方案经过前进汉堡价格来抵消本钱的添加。前进薪酬只会对其获利构成细小的影响,该公司大有些获利来自于其非自立运营的14000家餐厅的加盟费。“争夺15美元”组织标明,一切麦当劳品牌餐厅的职工都值得一个更高的薪酬水平。
but franchisers do not have much say in the labour practices of franchisees. all they can do is encourage better wages by subsidising employee training and otherperks, which frees up money for franchise operators. mcdonald’s has not said it would do so.
但特许经销方对加盟商的人力方案并没有太多的讲话权。他们只需经过供给职工培训补助和其他补助,才干让加盟商有更多安适分配的资金来给职工加薪酬。麦当劳没有标明会这么做。
这篇文章节选自:the economist(经济学人)
发布时刻:2021.05.21
作者:business
原文标题:why mcdonald’s is supersizing its wages
词汇堆集
1.miserly

英 /?ma?z?li/ 美 /?ma?z?li/

adj. [少]得不幸的;小气的
2.hike

英 /ha?k/ 美 /ha?k/

n. 远足;〔价格、薪酬、税款等的〕大高低上升
vi.远足;前进〔价格、税款等〕
3.perk

英 /p??k/ 美 /p??k/

n. 〔薪酬以外的〕额定收入[待遇];补助
v.振奋起来;(咖啡)滤煮;举头
adj.活泼的,生动的

词组分配
1.franchise fee 加盟费
写作句总结
but franchisers do not have much say in the labour practices of franchisees.
规划: …do not have much say in the ….
…在…方面并没有太多讲话权
例句: under a dictatorship, people do not have much say in the aspect of policy.
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