2023年 12月 26日

考研英语萌小联的微博

作者 gong2022

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(英语一)2015完型真题及词汇总结
?biologically related?有血缘联络的

defend???vt.保卫,防卫

【助记】de脱离+fend冲击→保卫的意图是远离被冲击,不被冲击。

defence???n.防护,保卫;防务工事;辩解??<美>defense

【助记】defend的名词?

conclude???vt.揣度出;结束;得出结论

【助记】con悉数+clud关+e→悉数关掉→结束,得出结论

withdraw?v.?收回,撤消;缩回,退出;获取(钱)??

【助记】with=back回+draw拉→向回拉→撤回,收回

withdrawn??为withdraw的曩昔分词

advise???vt.??主张;告诉

【助记】ad表偏重+vise看→观点就是观念,定见→提观点,提定见→主张

genome-wide??全基因组

gene??n.基因

【助记】gen-生育;基因又名遗传因子,与生育息息有关。

genetic??????? ?a.?遗传(学)的?n.遗传学

【助记】gen生育+et+ic后缀;遗传指一代生育一代传递下来的

geneticist?遗传学家

【助记】ist后缀,人

compare??vt. (to,with)比照;(to)把…比作?vi.?比较

【助记】com(=con一起)+pare对等→对等放在一同→比照,对照

separate??a. (from)别离的,分隔的?v. (from)别离,分隔

【助记】se-分隔?+par预备→预备分隔→别离

connect??vt.?联接;与…联络,接通(电话)? vi.?联接

【助记】con一同+nect联接→联接在一同

insignificant??a.无意义的;卑微的

【助记】in表否定+significant有意义的

significant???a.有意义的,重要的;?有用的

【助记】signify(y变i)+ icant后缀(ic+ant)

signify??v.标明;标志;意味;具有…重要性

【助记】sign符号+ify后缀→用符号标明……→标志

resemble??vt.像,类似

【助记】re再;semble=same类似

similarity???n.类似,类似;类似点

【助记】simil=same;arity后缀

unexpected??a.想不到的,意外的

【助记】un表否定+expect意料+ed后缀→没有意料到的→想不到的,意外的

expect??vt.意料,预期,期望;等候

【助记】ex外+(s)pect看(s和x的最终一个音是类似的所以s掉落)?→向外看,举头期盼→期望,期望

unreliable??a.不可以靠的

【助记】un不+reliable可靠的

reliable???a.可靠的,可信赖的

【助记】reli(=rely信赖)+able能→能信赖的

rely??vi.依靠,依托;信赖

【助记】re偏重+ly(=lig绑)→偏重把自个悉数绑给或人,以身相许→信赖,依托

incredible???a.不可以信赖的,惊人的,不凶咴思议的

【助记】in表否定+credible可信的

forecast??n.猜测,预告?vt.预示

【助记】fore前+cast扔→在作业发生前扔出的话

tendency??n.趋向,趋势,倾向

【助记】tend倾向+ency后缀

ethnic????a.?种族的;人种学的

【助记】ethn-种族+ic后缀

but somehow??但不知怎么的

more to something??作业不会如此简略

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2015年完型真题(英语一)
? ? ? ? ①though not biologically related, friends are as “related” as fourth cousins, sharing about 1% of genes.?②that is?__1__?a study published from the university of california and yale university in the?proceedings?of the national academy of sciences,?has?__2__?.

? ?①the study is a genome-wide analysis conducted?__3__?1,932 unique subjects which?__4__?pairs of unrelated friends and unrelated strangers.?②the same people were used in both?__5__?.

  ①while 1% may seem?__6__?, it is not so to a geneticist.?②as james fowler, professor of medical genetics at uc san diego,?says, “most people do not even?__7__?their fourth cousins but somehow manage to select as friends the people who?__8__?our kin.”

  ①the study?__9__?found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity.?②why this similarity?exists?in?smell?genes is difficult to explain, for now.③__10__?, as the team suggests, it draws us to similar environments but there is more?__11__?it.?④there could be many mechanisms working?together?that?__12__?us in choosing genetically similar friends?__13__?”functional kinship” of being friends with?__14__?!

  ①one of the remarkable findings of the study was that the similar genes seem to be evolving?__15__?than other genes.②studying this could help?__16__?why human evolution picked pace in the last 30,000 years, with social environment being a major?__17__?factor.

? ?①the findings do not simply?explain?people’s?__18__?to befriend those of similar?__19__?backgrounds, say the researchers.?②though all the subjects were drawn from a population of european extraction, care was taken to?__20__?that all subjects, friends and strangers were taken from the same population.

1.?[a]?what?[b]?why?[c]?how?[d]?when

2. [a]?defended?[b]?concluded?[c]?withdrawn?[d]?advised

3. [a]?for?[b]?with?[c]?by?[d]?on

4. [a]?separated?[b]?sought?[c]?compared?[d]?connected

5.?[a]?tests?[b]?objects?[c]?samples?[d]?examples

6.?[a]?insignificant?[b]?unexpected?[c]?unreliable?[d]?incredible

7.?[a]?visit?[b]?miss?[c]?know?[d]?seek

8.?[a]surpass?[b]?influence?[c]?favor?[d]?resemble

9. [a]?again?[b]?also?[c]?instead?[d]?thus

10.?[a]?meanwhile?[b]?furthermore?[c]?likewise?[d]?perhaps

11.?[a]?about?[b]?to?[c]?from?[d]?like

12.?[a]?limit?[b]?observe?[c]?confuse?[d]?drive

13.?[a]?according to?[b]?rather than?[c]?regardless of?[d]?along with

14.?[a]?chances?[b]?responses?[c]?benefits?[d]?missions

15.?[a]?faster?[b]?slower?[c]?later?[d]?earlier

16.?[a]?forecast?[b]?remember?[c]?express?[d]?understand

17.?[a]?unpredicted?[b]?contributory?[c]?controllable?[d]?disruptive

18.?[a]?tendency?[b]?decision?[c]?arrangement?[d]?endeavor

19.?[a]?political?[b]religious?[c]?ethnic?[d]?economic

20.?[a]?see?[b]?show?[c]?prove?[d]?tell????