2023年 12月 22日

#众筹朱伟2021考研英语历年真题(97年…来自阳光考研-微博

作者 gong2022

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(英语一)2012完型真题及词汇总结
justice? n.正义,公正;司法;法官

【助记】just公正,公正;ice后缀;

judiciary??n.司法部,司法体系

【助记】jud法令+iciary后缀

legitimacy??? n.合法,合理,合理

【助记】leg法令+ it+im+acy(后缀)

impartial??a.公正的,无成见的

【助记】im(=in表否定)+part有些+i(联接字母)+al后缀→不倾向任何一有些→公正的

emphasis? n.偏重,要点,重要性

【助记】em(=en使)+phas闪现+is后缀→使闪现→偏重

emphasize? vt.偏重,偏重?? <英>emphasise

【助记】em(=en使)+phas闪现+ize后缀→使闪现→偏重

maintain? v.修补,维护,坚持,供养,坚持,主张,撑持

【助记】main(=man手)+tain拿→一向用手拿住→坚持,坚持

maintenance? n.?修补,维护,坚持,坚持,日子费用

【助记】maintain的名词

modify? v.更改,批改,润饰

【助记】mod方法+ify后缀,使之…→使变成某个方法→批改

recognize? vt.知道,认出;招认??<英>recognise

【助记】re再+co一同+gn(=know晓得)+ize后缀→再次晓得→认出来

ignore? vt.不管,不睬,无视

【助记】i(=in表否定)+gn晓得+ore后缀→不晓得→无视

restore? v.?恢复,使回复;偿还,交还;批改,重建

【助记】re再+store(源于stand站)→再站起来,恢复,批改

establish? vt.树立,树立;树立;使…被耐久地承受

【助记】e-在这儿没有任何意思;stable平稳;ish后缀→为了使…平稳,所以树立准则保证它平稳

stable????a.平稳的,不变的?n.厩,马厩,牛棚

【助记】st站+able能→能站住的→平稳的

stability? n.平稳,平稳性,安靖

【助记】stable的名词

establishment??n.树立,树立,树立

【助记】establish树立+ment后缀

constitute? v.构成;构成;拟定

【助记】con一同?+st站+itute后缀(ite+ute)→站到一同→构成,构成

constitution??n.?构成,规划,构成(方法),成分;体魄;宪法

【助记】constitute拟定+ion后缀→规章、宪法都是拟定出来的

eliminate? vt.?除去;选择;排(删,消)除;削减(人员)

【助记】e(=ex出)+limin门槛+ate后缀→清出门槛,咱们常说:把或人扫地出门→铲除、打扫

elimination? n.消除,打扫,消除

【助记】eliminate+ion后缀

evade??v.躲避;偷税

【助记】e(=ex出)+vad走+e后缀→出走→躲避

deny? vt.否定;回绝信赖

【助记】de偏重+ny(=no不)

barrier??n.栅门,屏障;妨碍(物)

【助记】bar横木+i(联接字母)+er后缀→横木连起来构成→栅门

similar? a. (to)类似的,类似的

【助记】simil(=same相同)+ar后缀

similarity? n.类似,类似;类似点

【助记】similar类似的+ity后缀

conflict? n.战争,斗争;冲突,冲突? v. (with)冲突,冲突

【助记】con一同+flict冲击→一同彼此打→冲突

vision? n.视力,视觉;远见;洞悉力;愿望,幻影;愿望力

【助记】vis看+ion后缀

envision???n.愿望,意料

【助记】en使+vision愿望力

provide? v.?供给,供给,预备,避免,规则

【助记】pro前+vid(=vis看)→向前看→目光长远,棋看五步,指早做方案→预备,为了供给

cultivate??vt.耕;栽培;培育

【助记】cult耕种,培育;ivate后缀(ive+ate)

ideology ??n.?知道形状,(政治或社会的)思维知道

【助记】ideo(=idea思维)+logy学说

ideological?a.知道形状的,思维上的

【助记】ideology知道形状+ical后缀

concept???n.概念,观念,想象

【助记】con一起+cept拿→把我们主意拿到一同构成共同→概念,观念,主意

conception? n.概念,观念,主意

【助记】concept概念+ion后缀

division??n.分,切割;部分,科,处;

【助记】di分隔+vis分隔+ion后缀→切割,部分、科、处都是切割出来的

exclude??vt.把…打扫在外

【助记】ex出+clued(=close关)→关在外面→打扫

2012年完型真题(英语一)
①the ethical judgments of the supreme court justices have
become an important issue recently. ②the court cannot _1_ its legitimacy as guardian of the
rule of law _2_ justices behave like politicians. ③yet, in several instances,
justices acted in ways that _3_ the court’s reputation for being independent
and impartial.

1. [a]emphasize? ???????????????????? [b]maintain? ???????????????????? [c]modify??? ???????????????????? [d]recognize

2. [a]when?? ??????????????????????????? [b]lest?? ??????????????????????????? [c]before????? ???????????????????? [d]unless

3. [a]restored????? ???????????????????? [b]weakened?????? ????????????? [c]established???? ????????????? [d]eliminated

?①justice antonin scalia, for example, appeared at political
events. ②that kind of activity makes it less likely that the court’s decisions
will be _4_ as impartial judgments. ③part of the problem is that the justices are not _5_by
an ethics code. ④at the very least, the court should make itself _6_to the code of conduct
that _7_to the rest of the federal judiciary.

4. [a]challenged ???????????????????? [b]compromised ????????????? [c]suspected?????? ???????????????????? [d]accepted

5. [a]advanced?? ???????????????????? [b]caught???? ???????????????????? [c]bound????? ???????????????????? [d]founded

6. [a]resistant???? ???????????????????? [b]subject???? ???????????????????? [c]immune?? ???????????????????? [d]prone

7. [a]resorts ??????????????????????????? [b]sticks?????? ???????????????????? [c]leads ??????????????????????????? [d]applies

?

①this and other similar cases _8_the question of whether there
is still a _9_between the court and politics.

8. [a]evade? ??????????????????????????? [b]raise? ??????????????????????????? [c]deny ??????????????????????????? [d]settle

9. [a]line????? ??????????????????????????? [b]barrier????? ???????????????????? [c]similarity ???????????????????? [d]conflict

?

①the framers of the constitution envisioned law _10_having
authority apart from politics. ②they gave justices permanent positions _11_they would
be free to _12_ those in power and have no need to _13_ political support. ③our legal system was
designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are so closely
_14_.

10. [a]by????? ??????????????????????????? [b]as????? ??????????????????????????? [c]through?? ???????????????????? [d]towards

11. [a]so ??? ??????????????????????????? [b]since ??????????????????????????? [c]provided ???????????????????? [d]though

12. [a]serve ??????????????????????????? [b]satisfy???? ???????????????????? [c]upset?????? ??????????????????????????? [d]replace

13. [a]confirm??? ???????????????????? [b]express??? ???????????????????? [c]cultivate? ???????????????????? [d]offer

14. [a]guarded?? ???????????????????? [b]followed ???????????????????? [c]studied??? ???????????????????? [d]tied

①constitutional law is political because it results from
choices rooted in fundamental social _15_ like liberty and property. ②when the court deals with
social policy decisions, the law it _16_ is inescapably political—which is why
decisions split along ideological lines are so easily _17_ as unjust.

15. [a]concepts?? ???????????????????? [b]theories?? ???????????????????? [c]divisions? ???????????????????? [d]conceptions

16. [a]excludes?? ???????????????????? [b]questions ???????????????????? [c]shapes???? ???????????????????? [d]controls

17. [a]dismissed ???????????????????? [b]released?? ???????????????????? [c]ranked???? ???????????????????? [d]distorted

?

①the justices must _18_
doubts about the court’s legitimacy by making themselves _19_ to the code of
conduct. ②that would make rulings more likely to be seen as sepa

rate from politics
and, _20_, convincing as law.

18. [a]suppress?? ???????????????????? [b]exploit???? ???????????????????? [c]address??? ???????????????????? [d]ignore

19. [a]accessible? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?[b]amiable??? ???????????????????? [c]agreeable ????????????? ?????? [d]accountable

20. [a]by all means??? ????????????? [b]at
all costs????? ????????????? [c]in a word ???????????????????? [d]as a result????